A Comparison of Dystopian Nightmares and Utopian Dreams: Two Paths in Science Fiction Literature That Both Lead to Humanity’s Loss of Empathy

A Comparison of Dystopian Nightmares and Utopian Dreams: Two Paths in Science Fiction Literature That Both Lead to Humanity’s Loss of Empathy

PAPANGO

Title of the text: A Comparison of Dystopian Nightmares and Utopian Dreams: Two Paths in Science Fiction Literature That Both Lead to Humanity’s Loss of Empathy

Author/s of the Text: Alisha G. Scott

Title of the Journal/ Publication: Journal of Science Fiction

URL or Web Address: http://publish.lib.umd.edu/scifi/article/view/329

Main Idea: Science fiction literature has long dreamed of extravagant utopias and dreaded nightmarish dystopias.

Evidences that supports the main idea:

  • Most early science fiction deals with the notion of scientific pursuits being carried on without any restraint regarding its greater consequences or ethical considerations.
  • When citizens are forced to advance in rapid scientific leaps
    without regarding their individual and collective human rights, the nightmare becomes one of suppressed rage, fear, and eruptions of violence.
  • Social thinker Rifkin (2009) points out the flaw in the idea of creating a “perfect” society stuck in stasis and void of negative feelings by simply stating that “empathy does not exist in utopian worlds, where suffering and death are eliminated.”
  • As long as writers and artists continue to take the dreams of today and show people their potential conclusions, or turn them into nightmares where progress has gone greatly awry.

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