Title of the Text: Technology and Language Learning: Exposure to TV and Radio News and Speaking Proficiency
Author/s of the Text: Taher Bahrani, Shu Sim Tam
Title of the Journal/Publication: Kritika Kultura
URL or web address: http://journals.ateneo.edu/ojs/index.php/kk/article/view/1423/1449
Main Idea: The study examines the effect of exposure to TV and radio news on improving EFL learners’ speaking proficiency. The results of the post-test indicate that Group 1 participants who were exposed to TV and radio news performed better than Group 2 participants who were exposed to selected utterances extracted from TV and radio programs, proving that exposure to TV and radio news promotes EFL learners’ speaking proficiency.
Evidences that supports the main idea:
- The better performance of the first group in the post-test may be their high interest in the content of the materials they are exposed to. During the study, the first group participants select the topics they had schemata to help them better comprehend the information. Moreover, it is observed that the first group participants comprehend the news items quickly and join the discussions with great interest. The first group are more interested and more actively involved in the discussions of the news items during the class activities. This leads to low affective filter, understood to enhance language learning.
- The first group’s significant improvement in speaking proficiency may also be associated with the fact that TV and radio news genre provides listeners/viewers with a specific language input made around one of the most authentic types of language discourse by focusing on currently broadcast local and global events with which most individuals make real sense of connection. Although the vocabulary items used in developing TV and radio news items are almost highly specialized and the assumption is that this highly specialized vocabulary items may hinder comprehension, the recycling feature of vocabulary items in news stories can help comprehension over time. This reflects how exposure to news items has impressive effects on the participants’ speaking fluency because fluency of speech is a dominant linguistic feature of news stories presented by the newscasters.